75th Anniversary of the Battle for Iwo Jima
From February 19 to March 26, 1945, the United States Navy and Marine Corps executed Operation Detachment, the code name for the 36-day American invasion and capture of the heavily fortified Japanese island of Iwo Jima. The tiny volcanic island represented a critical staging area for the United States to launch attacks on the Japanese main islands, and the battle for its capture was one of the bloodiest engagements of World War II.
On the fifth day of Operation Detachment, Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal captured the iconic photograph of six Marines raising the American flag atop Mount Suribachi. The photo was later used as the model for the U.S. Marine Corps Memorial in Arlington, Virginia.
Although not as well-known as Rosenthalâs photograph, there is also a moving image record of the flag-raising. Marine Sergeant William Homer Genaust shot 16mm color footage of the event. Unfortunately, Sergeant Genaust never left Iwo Jima. Nine days after filming the raising of the flag, he was hit by enemy fire, and his body was never recovered. Sergeant Genaustâs Official Military Personnel file is in the National Archives Catalog.
Explore more records in the National Archives Catalog relating to the Iwo Jima battle. Research World War II and other military records at the National Archives.
Uncommon Valor: The Making of the Marine Corps Memorial
Raising the Flag Over Iwo Jima
Forensic Film Archiving: Who Raised the Flag on Iwo Jima?
Flag Raising on Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima Landings and Beachhead Scenes
Bombardment and Invasion of Iwo Jima Shore Scenes
Gallery of Images