Fiberoptics

Fiberoptics In the majority of CCD applications, light reaches the CCD through a lens- or mirror-based optical system. However, in some situations it is advantageous...

Intro To Electrophysiology

Introduction Electrophysiology is the study of electrical properties of biological cells and tissues, and can be broadly split into neural (nerves throughout the body, especially...

Introduction To Modern Camera Technologies

Introduction Cameras are incredible tools that allow us to capture and make sense of the visible world around us. Most mobile phones made today come...

Metachrome II Coating

Metachrome II Coating Metachrome II* is a composite phosphor coating developed by Teledyne Photometrics for use on its products to improve sensitivity of CCDs in...

Saturation and Blooming

Saturation and Blooming Saturation and blooming are phenomena that occur in all cameras and it can affect both their quantitative and qualitative imaging characteristics. If...

Resolution and Numerical Aperture

Introduction An often-asked question in imaging is whether two objects are in the same or separate places. Resolution, the ability to tell two nearby features...

Super Resolution Localization Microscopy

Introduction Light microscopy techniques have been vital to our understanding of biological structures and systems since their invention in the late 16th century. However, conventional...

Lenses and Optics

Introduction Optics are elements that alter the travel of light to achieve some effect. In microscopy, these effects commonly include the magnification of the light...

Electron-Multiplying (EM) Gain

Electron-Multiplying (EM) Gain Formerly referred to as “on-chip multiplication gain”, this technology enables multiplication of charge (i.e., electrons) collected in each pixel of the CCD’s...

Introduction To Light Sheet Microscopy

Introduction During the last two decades, microscopy has been constantly trying to exploit new boundaries. By aiming for smaller details, cameras and other detectors needed...